ADLER, DANKMAR (1844–1900), U.S. architect and engineer. Adler was born in Stadtlengsfeld, Germany, the son of Rabbi Liebmann Adler (1812–1892). He was taken to the U.S. at an early age and was trained at American universities. During the Civil War he practiced as an engineer and later built up a successful architectural practice in Chicago. In 1879 Louis Sullivan (1856–1924) joined the firm and in 1881 became a partner. Adler and Sullivan are credited with introducing a completely new concept of office architecture and this found its expression in the steel-framed skyscraper. Their first framed building (Chicago, 1887) was a commercial building called the Auditorium and was later acquired by Roosevelt University. Together they designed more than a hundred structures, including the transportation building at the Chicago Columbian Exposition in 1893, and two impressive skyscrapers: the Wainwright Building in St. Louis, Missouri, and the Prudential   Building in Buffalo, New York. They were responsible for the Kehillath Anshe Maariv in Chicago, where Adler's father had become rabbi in 1861. Here, too, they broke with tradition. Believing that form follows function, they made the facade of this synagogue secondary to the tall roof that covered the main body of the hall. The Adler-Sullivan partnership was dissolved in 1895 and neither architect did any distinguished work after that. It was in their office that Frank Lloyd Wright (1869–1959), one of America's greatest architects, was trained. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: H. Morrison, Louis Sullivan (19622), 283–93; Roth, Art, 749–50.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Adler, Dankmar — ▪ American architect born July 3, 1844, Stadtlengsfeld, Prussia [Germany] died April 16, 1900, Chicago, Ill., U.S.  architect and engineer whose partnership with Louis Sullivan (Sullivan, Louis) was perhaps the most famous and influential in… …   Universalium

  • Adler, Dankmar — (1844 1900)    US architect and engineer. Born in Stadtlengsfeld, Germany, he went with his family to the US at the age of 10. He lived in Detroit, and later in Chicago. Initially he worked as a draftsman; after the war he became an architect. He …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Dankmar Adler — Temple Isaiah, Chicago, designed by Adler, circa 1910 Born July 3, 1844(1844 07 03) Germany Died April 16, 1900 …   Wikipedia

  • Dankmar Adler — (3 juillet 1844 à Stadtlengsfeld, Allemagne – 16 avril 1900 à Chicago, États Unis) est un architecte américain d origine allemande. Il fut un pionnier, dans les …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dankmar Adler — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dankmar Adler, (3 de julio de 1844 – 16 de abril de 1900) nació en Alemania y murió en Chicago, Illinois. Adler era un arquitecto judío y un ingeniero civil que, con su socio Louis Sullivan, diseñó muchos edificios… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dankmar Adler — Dankmar Adler, (3 de julio de 1844 16 de abril de 1900) nació en Alemania y murió en Chicago, Illinois. Adler era un arquitecto judío y un ingeniero civil que, con su socio Louis Sullivan, diseñó muchos edificios inclusive el Chicago Stock… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Adler — Ad|ler [ a:dlɐ], der; s, : großer Greifvogel mit kräftigem Hakenschnabel und starken Krallen: Adler sind beliebte Wappentiere. Syn.: König der Lüfte (dichter.). * * * Ad|ler 〈m. 3〉 1. 〈Zool.〉 großer Raubvogel mit sehr kräftigem Schnabel: Aquila 2 …   Universal-Lexikon

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